“5G” technology represents the fifth generation of wireless systems that will gradually replace or expand the popular LTE networks today. To ensure a high-quality 5G signal, a precisely manufactured antenna system is required, which is a key element of the entire 5G solution.
5G networks are characterized by higher transfer rates and a significant reduction in response time. 5G antennas are used in M2M, IoT devices and IoT systems. Fast network responses allow the rapid development of IoT and the expansion of smart cities and homes. 5G mobile internet will find its application in transport, health care, sport and more.
Unlike previous technologies, the spectrum for 5G networks is divided into three radically different frequency ranges.
This division is an essential element of this attractive modern technology.
The lower part of the frequency spectrum, which represents a range of frequencies up to 1 GHz, provides excellent signal coverage and penetration, but on the other hand, the transfer rate is limited to 100 Mbps.
The middle part of the 1-6 GHz frequency spectrum represents a compromise between the bit rate (up to 1 Gbps) and the capable range, which decreases proportionally with increasing frequency.
The last largest part of the frequency spectrum includes an area higher than 6 GHz (referred to as “mmWave”), with very high bit rates up to 10 Gbps (10,000 Mbit / s) with extremely low latency (connection response). On the other hand, the range of the signal and its penetration are very limited.
Splitting 5G technology into three totally different frequency areas allows providing of next-generation networks with high quality coverage, but also with high speed and low delay and maximizing Quality of Service (QoS) as needed.